Skip to content ↓
  • 01606 537670

Middlewich High School

Excellence in Learning – Achievement for All

Definitions of disadvantaged students and pupil premium

Disadvantaged Students and Pupil Premium Definitions


According to Ofsted’s School Inspection Framework:

Quality of education

  1. Inspectors will make a judgement on the quality of education by evaluating the extent to which:


  • leaders take on or construct a curriculum that is ambitious and designed to give all learners, particularly the most disadvantaged and those with special educational needs and/or disabilities (SEND) or high needs, the knowledge and cultural capital they need to succeed in life


It is therefore vital to have a clear understanding of the difference between disadvantaged and pupil premium.


The most recent DfE guidance defines Disadvantaged students as those who are "eligible for free school meals at any point within the past six years and students looked after by the local authority". This is not the same as ‘FSM Ever 6’ and ‘Looked After’ as it combines both aspects. Additionally, Pupil Premium often differs from Disadvantaged as it includes Armed Forces students. The diagram below summarises this:

Fig.1 Summary of Disadvantaged groups


* Previously Looked After Students are those who are adopted or subject to a Special Guardianship Order